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Verbes irréguliers en anglais

Publié : Le 04 Décembre 2005 à 07:27
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Article vu : 6 942 fois
La liste complette des verbes irréguliers en anglais.
Infinitif Prétérit Participe Passé Traduction et notes
abide abode abode demeurer
awake awoke awoken (se) réveiller, aussi awake/awoke/awoke
be was/were been être
bear bore borne porter/supporter/soutenir
beat beat beaten battre
become became become devenir
beget begat begotten engendrer, aussi beget/begot/begotten
begin began begun commencer
bend bent bent se courber, etc.
bereave bereft bereft déposséder/priver
beseech besought besought supplier
bet bet bet parier
bid bade bidden ordonner, etc., bid/bade/bidden ou bade ou bid
bind bound bound lier
bite bit bitten mordre
bleed bled bled saigner
blow blew blown souffler
break broke broken casser
breed bred bred élever
bring brought brought apporter
build built built construire
burn burnt burnt brûler
burst burst burst éclater
buy bought bought acheter
cast cast cast jeter, etc.
catch caught caught attraper
chide chid chidden gronder/réprimander, aussi chide/chid/chid
choose chose chosen choisir
cleave cleft cleft fendre/coller, aussi cleave/clove/clove
cling clung clung se cramponner
come came come venir
cost cost cost coûter
creep crept crept ramper/se glisser/se hérisser
crow crew crowed chanter (un coq)/jubiler
cut cut cut couper
deal dealt dealt distribuer/traiter
dig dug dug bêcher
do did done faire
draw drew drawn tirer/dessiner
dream dreamt dreamt rêver
drink drank drunk boire
drive drove driven conduire
dwell dwelt dwelt habiter/rester
eat ate eaten manger
fall fell fallen tomber
feed fed fed nourrir
feel felt felt (se) sentir
fight fought fought combattre
find found found trouver
flee fled fled fuir
fling flung flung jeter
fly flew flown voler
forbid forbade forbidden interdire
forget forgot forgotten oublier
forgive forgave forgiven pardonner
forsake forsook forsaken abandonner
freeze froze frozen geler
get got got obtenir
gird girt girt ceindre
give gave given donner
go went gone aller
grind ground ground broyer/moudre
grow grew grown cultiver/pousser/grandir
hang hung hung pendre, régulier si c'est une forme d'exécution
have had had avoir
hear heard heard entendre
heave hove hove lever, etc.
hew hewed hewn couper/tailler
hide hid hidden (se) cacher, ou hide/hid/hid
hit hit hit frapper
hold held held tenir
hurt hurt hurt nuire
keep kept kept garder
kneel knelt knelt s'agenouiller
knit knit knit tricoter
know knew known savoir/connaître
lay laid laid étendre/coucher, etc.
lead led led mener
lean leant leant pencher
leap leapt leapt sauter/bondir
learn learnt learnt apprendre
leave left left quitter/laisser
lend lent lent prêter
let let let laisser/louer
lie lay lain reposer/être couché, régulier lorsqu'il signifie 'mentir'
light lit lit allumer
lose lost lost perdre
make made made faire
mean meant meant vouloir dire/signifier
meet met met rencontrer
mow mowed mown faucher/tondre
pay paid paid payer
prove proved proven prouver, régulier d'ordinaire
put put put mettre
quit quit quit quitter/abandonner
read read read lire
rend rent rent déchirer
rid rid ridden se débarrasser, aussi rid/ridded/rid
ride rode ridden monter (cheval, etc.)
ring rang rung sonner/résonner
rise rose risen se lever
run ran run courir
saw sawed sawn scier
say said said dire
see saw seen voir
seek sought sought chercher
sell sold sold vendre
send sent sent envoyer
set set set mettre, etc.
sew sew sewn coudre
shake shook shaken secouer
shear sheared shorn tondre
shed shed shed perdre (feuilles)/laisser tomber (larmes/sang), etc.
shine shone shone briller
shoe shod shod chausser
shoot shot shot tirer/tuer par balle/filmer, etc.
show showed shown montrer
shrink shrank shrunk (se) contracter/(se) rétrécir, aussi shrink/shrunk/shrunk
shrive shrove shriven absoudre
shut shut shut fermer
sing sang sung chanter
sink sank sunk enfoncer/couler, etc., aussi sink/sunk/sunk
sit sat sat s'asseoir, etc.
slay slew slain tuer
sleep slept slept dormir
slide slid slid glisser
sling slung slung lancer
slink slunk slunk aller furtivement
slit slit slit (se) fendre
smell smelt smelt sentir/flairer
smite smote smitten frapper/vaincre
sow sowed sown semer
speak spoke spoken parler
speed sped sped se presser
spell spelt spelt épeler/orthographier
spend spent spent dépenser
spill spilt spilt (se) renverser/(se) répandre
spin span spun faire tourner/filer, aussi spin/spun/spun
spit spat spat cracher, aussi spit/spit/spit
split split split (se) fendre
spoil spoilt spoilt abîmer/gâter, etc.
spread spread spread étendre
spring sprang sprung bondir, aussi spring/sprung/sprung
stand stood stood être debout
stave stove stove défoncer/crever
steal stole stolen voler
stick stuck stuck coller
sting stung stung piquer/brûler
stink stank stunk puer, aussi stink/stunk/stunk
strew strew strewn semer/joncher
stride strode stridden marcher à grands pas, aussi stride/strode/strode
strike struck struck frapper/se mettre en grève
string strung strung ficeler, etc.
strive strove striven s'efforcer
swear swore sworn jurer
sweep swept swept balayer
swell swelled swollen gonfler
swim swam swum nager
swing swung swung balancer
take took taken prendre
teach taught taught enseigner
tear tore torn déchirer
tell told told raconter
think thought thought penser
thrive throve thriven prospérer
throw threw thrown jeter
thrust thrust thrust pousser
tread trod trodden piétiner/fouler/marcher
understand understood understood comprendre
wake woke woken (se) réveiller/(se) ranimer, aussi wake/woke/woke; régulier s'il s'agit d'un rite funéraire
wear wore worn porter/user
weave wove woven tisser/tresser/tituber
wed wed wed épouser/marier
weep wept wept pleurer
wet wet wet mouiller
win won won gagner
wind wound wound remonter, etc.
wring wrung wrung tordre
write wrote written écrire
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